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[PG Notes] RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME ( ARDS ) [pathogenesis, clinical features, and management]

RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME [pathogenesis, clinical features, and management and prevention ] Aka HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE Incidence- Overall: 10 to 15% in < 28weeks of gestation: 80% Risk factors: Prematurity, asphyxia, acidosis, maternal diabetes, C-section   I.¬†¬†ETIOPATHOGENESIS Normally: Type 2 alveolar cells -> produce surfactant -> helps reduce surface tension In RDS: Basic abnormality is surfactant…